Afghans in North America

Persians in NA

Afghanistan consists primarily of four people groups: the Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, and Uzbek with Dari and Pashto being the official languages spoken.  Uzbek, Turkman, Urdu, Hazaragi and other languages are third official languages depending on the region of the country that people are from.  The country is mountainous and has many natural resources. The largest export in recent years has been opium. Saffron, however, has begun to be produced in place of some of the opium poppies. The history of Afghanistan is replete with war and instability. As a result, many Afghans have fled their homeland in various waves over the last few decades, and this is the main reason they arrive in North America. There are also thousands of Afghans in the United States who have received Special Immigrant Visas due to their work on behalf of the U.S. Military.

Afghans may be found in Toronto, Sacramento, San Francisco, Los Angeles, northern Virginia and New York, with smaller populations in other cities. There are an estimated 400,000 Afghans in North America, of which around 50% are Pashtun, 35% are Tajik, 10% are Hazara, and 5% are Uzbek (estimates from Afghan community leaders). They open restaurants and other businesses. They tend to live a middle-class lifestyle or higher. Some are involved in real estate and other such businesses. Young Afghans in North America are active in their community promoting Afghan music and culture. Due to recent upheaval in the Afghan government, North America is likely to see many new Afghan refugees.

Religious Life

Afghanistan is more than 99% Muslim. Most follow Sunni Islam, but some are Shia.  Afghanistan once had a Jewish population, but that population almost wholly exists outside Afghanistan now, with many in New York City. Among the Hazara people group there are a small number of Christians, but they are still an unreached people group. There are also Hindu and Sikh populations among Afghans.

Under the influence of the Taliban (an ultra-conservative Islamic group), women in Afghanistan were required to wear a burqa which covers the entire face of the woman. Afghans living in North America vary in the strictness of their religious adherence. There are Taliban-supporting Afghans in North America, there are progressive Afghan Muslims, there are Afghan Muslims who identify with Islam only in a socio-cultural way, and everything in between!

There are a handful of Afghan Christian churches in North America, all of which are very small.

These are the Afghan communities in North America most in need of gospel witness

People GroupMetropolitan AreaPopulation SizeConcentrated AreaPriority Score
AfghanLos Angeles16,719Irvine57
AfghanMontreal10,805Saint-Martin (Laval)59
AfghanNew York9,871Flushing (Queens)49
AfghanSacramento21,673Elk Grove69
AfghanSan Diego7,189El Cajon58
AfghanSan Francisco32,142Fremont69
AfghanVancouver7,980New Westminster51
AfghanWashington D.C.33,236Springfield73
Afghan Hindu/SikhNew York6,000Hicksville (Long Island)86
Albanian MuslimBoston15,903Revere53
Albanian MuslimChicago9,174Berkeley/Elmhurst48
Albanian MuslimDetroit19,949Sterling Heights55
Albanian MuslimNew York48,123Pelham Parkway (Bronx)65
Albanian MuslimPhiladelphia6,857Northeast35
Algerian ArabMontreal59,585Little Maghreb71
BambaraNew York5,000Harlem69
BangladeshiDallas Fort Worth6,355Irving47
BangladeshiLos Angeles7,362Little Bangladesh46
BangladeshiMontreal10,675Parc Extension48
BangladeshiNew York84,099Jamaica (Queens)41
BangladeshiToronto36,670Danforth Village47
BangladeshiWashington D.C.11,798York Town (Arlington)48
Belzer JewishNew York12,51886
Bobover JewishNew York23,50990
BosniakBowling Green5,000Morgantown Road60
BosniakDes Moines10,000Merle Hay63
BosniakGrand Rapids10,000Kentwood63
BosniakNew York10,000Astoria (Queens)63
BosniakSt. Louis50,000Mehlville77
BosniakUtica5,000Bleecker St.60
Breslov JewishNew York5,00086
Bukharan JewishNew York60,00074
Chabad Lubavitch JewishNew York27,10391
Egyptian ArabBoston5,602Dudley Square23
Egyptian ArabChicago8,275Hickory Hills25
Egyptian ArabHouston7,947Katy32
Egyptian ArabLos Angeles23,765Anaheim40
Egyptian ArabMontreal9,167Saint-Laurent27
Egyptian ArabNew York52,324Astoria (Queens)46
Egyptian ArabSan Francisco6,281Oakland27
Egyptian ArabToronto11,637Mississauga42
Egyptian ArabWashington D.C.9,633Lanier Heights24
Fouta TooroCincinnati5,000Lockland75
Fouta TooroNew York7,600Bed-Stuy (Brooklyn)78
Fulbe FutaNew York5,000Morrisania (Bronx77
Gerer JewishNew York8,79184
Gorsky-Kavkazi JewishNew York10,00089
GujaratiAtlanta25,782Big Creek52
GujaratiAustin9,785Walsh Creek44
GujaratiBoston24,962Town of Acton60
GujaratiCharlotte8,000Mallard Creek46
GujaratiColumbus, OH7,016Polaris37
GujaratiDallas Fort Worth37,791Plano48
GujaratiEdmonton6,730Strathcona Industrial Park52
GujaratiHartford6,019Rocky Hill49
GujaratiHouston29,100Sugar Land 62
GujaratiLos Angeles39,870Woodbury45
GujaratiMinneapolis8,650Eden Prairie49
GujaratiMontreal6,970Dollard-Des Ormeaux55
GujaratiNew York141,827Edison (NJ)70
GujaratiPhoenix11,006Chandler-Kirby Estates47
GujaratiSacramento12,677North Natomas50
GujaratiSan Diego7,826Miramar49
GujaratiSan Francisco90,627Fremont58
Gujarati Vancouver7,075South Vancouver58
GujaratiWashington D.C.43,674Calverton62
Indian Hindi Atlanta46,407Big Creek36
Indian HindiAustin17,612Walsh Creek47
Indian HindiBoston44,932Town of Acton55
Indian Hindi Calgary20,232Castleridge37
Indian HindiCharlotte14,400Mecklenburg41
Indian HindiChicago80,082West Ridge "Little India"44
Indian HindiCincinnati7,623Clifton Heights47
Indian HindiCleveland8,911Glenwillow49
Indian HindiColumbus, OH12,630Polaris36
Indian HindiDenver9,958Sedalia52
Indian Hindi Detroit34,648Troy 56
Indian HindiDallas Fort Worth68,023Frisco33
Indian HindiEdmonton18,855SE Edmonton49
Indian HindiHartford10,834Rocky Hill49
Indian HindiHouston52,380Sugar Land37
Indian HindiIndianapolis8,838Wayne Township51
Indian HindiKitchener8,593West Mount36
Indian HindiLos Angeles71,766Artesia37
Indian HindiMiami18,341Plantation55
Indian HindiMilwaukee6,162Brookfield58
Indian HindiMinneapolis15,570Edina50
Indian HindiMontreal15,417Parc Extension56
Indian HindiNew York255,289Jersey City, Edison46
Indian HindiOrlando15,020Williamsburg 50
Indian HindiOttawa8,658Napean/Westboro55
Indian Hindi Philadelphia49,012Eaglesville (Center City)58
Indian HindiPhoenix19,812Chandler-Kirby Estates55
Indian HindiPittsburgh6,959Marshall Township48
Indian HindiPortland9,409Rockcreek44
Indian HindiRaleigh16,413Morrisville46
Indian HindiRichmond6,554Three Chopt31
Indian HindiSacramento22,818Valley Hi/North Laguna45
Indian HindiSt.Louis8,100Ballwin44
Indian HindiSan Antonio5,794Stone Oak41
Indian HindiSan Diego14,086Miramar50
Indian HindiSan Francisco163,128Fremont43
Indian HindiSeattle38,042Bellevue32
Indian HindiTampa12,709Brandon52
Indian HindiToronto150,062Etobicoke45
Indian HindiVancouver49,718South Vancouver37
Indian Hindi Washington D.C.78,613Ellicott city48
Indian HindiWinnipeg10,649Colony (Little India)53
Indonesian MuslimLos Angeles7,500San Bernardino29
Iraqi ArabAtlanta10,532Clarkston38
Iraqi ArabAustin7,963Pflugerville43
Iraqi Arab Chicago17,491Northbrook53
Iraqi Arab Dallas Fort Worth11,319Richardson41
Iraqi Arab Detroit68,626East Dearborn57
Iraqi ArabHouston11,914Mid-West41
Iraqi ArabNew York8,443Astoria (Queens)47
Iraqi Arab Phoenix19,457Jefferson at Steele Indian43
Iraqi Arab San Diego25,923El Cajon57
Iraqi Arab Toronto10,732Vaughan45
Iraqi Arab Washington D.C.9,685Lanier Heights42
Israeli Sabra JewishChicago5,14847
Israeli Sabra JewishLos Angeles18,885Pico Robertson & Fairfax60
Israeli Sabra JewishMiami12,299Plantation54
Israeli Sabra JewishNew York36,720Kew Gardens Hills (Queens)66
Israeli Sabra JewishSan Francisco9,384Sunnyvale51
Israeli Sabra JewishToronto9,750North York49
Jordanian Arab MuslimChicago7,122Bridgeview40
JulaNew York5,000Harlem69
Kabyle BerberMontreal29,174Longue-Pointe49
KurdsDallas Fort Worth6,500South Arlington52
KurdsNashville15,000Elysian Fields53
Lebanese Arab MuslimBoston22,539Somerville35
Lebanese Arab MuslimDallas Fort Worth5,671Richardson27
Lebanese Arab MuslimDetroit33,099East Dearborn42
Lebanese Arab MuslimHouston6,622Mid West27
Lebanese Arab MuslimLos Angeles18,893Monterey Park35
Lebanese Arab MuslimMiami7,622Upper Eastside47
Lebanese Arab MuslimMontreal20,607Saint-Laurent39
Lebanese Arab MuslimNew York20,901Paterson34
Lebanese Arab MuslimOttawa8,855South Ottawa31
Lebanese Arab MuslimToronto7,595Mississauga32
Lebanese Arab MuslimWashington D.C.9,239Woodley Park 33
MandinkaNew York5,000Highbridge (Bronx)81
ManinkaNew York5,000Concourse (Bronx)76
Persian Jewish (Mashadi)New York5,000Great Neck (Long Island)88
Moroccan ArabBoston12,602Malden46
Moroccan Arab Chicago5,000Bridgeview44
Moroccan ArabDetroit6,660Hamtramck37
Moroccan ArabLos Angeles7,272Central LA-Beverly Wood44
Moroccan Arab Miami9,651Upper Eastside47
Moroccan Arab Montreal60,775Little Maghreb72
Moroccan ArabNew York41,356Astoria (Queens)57
Moroccan Arab Philadelphia6,114Center City41
Moroccan Arab Washington D.C.15,634Brockwood49
Moroccan JewishToronto5,000North York83
Moroccan JewishMontreal10,000Hampstead64
Indo-Pak MuslimsAtlanta25,401Roswell40
Indo-Pak MuslimsAustin9,336Northwest Austin39
Indo-Pak MuslimsBoston20,368Cambridge44
Indo-Pak MuslimsCalgary17,785Castleridge44
Indo-Pak MuslimsChicago57,031Skokie36
Indo-Pak MuslimsDallas Fort Worth43,274Plano47
Indo-Pak MuslimsDetroit19,726Canton37
Indo-Pak MuslimsEdmonton8,815Blue Quill36
Indo-Pak MuslimsHouston54,218Sugarland47
Indo-Pak MuslimsKitchener5,735Cambridge39
Indo-Pak MuslimsLos Angeles43,766Central LA37
Indo-Pak MuslimsMiami12,668Miramar-Pimebrook Pines50
Indo-Pak MuslimsMontreal10,990Parc Extension47
Indo-Pak MuslimsNew York171,011Midwood (Brooklyn)50
Indo-Pak MuslimsOrlando7,808Florida Center48
Indo-Pak MuslimsOttawa10,990Sandy Hill46
Indo-Pak MuslimsPhiladelphia25,830Delran34
Indo-Pak MuslimsSacramento14,165North Oak Park45
Indo-Pak MuslimsSan Francisco74,602Diamond Heights45
Indo-Pak MuslimsSeattle17,439Meridian42
Indo-Pak MuslimsToronto134,195East York51
Indo-Pak MuslimsWashington D.C.68,892Fairfax couty, Mt. Vernon48
Indo-Pak MuslimsVancouver10,495Burnaby and Surrey47
Palestinian Arab MuslimChicago24,832Bridgeview52
Palestinian Arab MuslimDallas Fort Worth10,311Richardson38
Palestinian Arab MuslimDetroit7,584Livonia36
Palestinian Arab MuslimLos Angeles12,064Anaheim44
Palestinian Arab MuslimNew York15,364South Paterson (NJ)50
Palestinian Arab MuslimSan Francisco11,146Soma42
Palestinian Arab MuslimToronto15,555Mississauga50
Palestinian Arab MuslimWashington D.C.7,220Lanier Heights38
PersianDallas Fort Worth13,939Plano21
PersianHouston14,742Woodlake/Briar Meadow21
PersianLos Angeles127,713Tehrangeles43
PersianMontreal23,705Notre Dame de Grâce24
PersianNew York30,520Great Neck (Long Island)33
PersianPortland6,672Pearl District22
Persian Sacramento8,100El Dorado Hills17
PersianSan Diego19,882La Jolla21
PersianSan Francisco50,170San Mateo25
PersianToronto88,195North York40
PersianVancouver45,815West Vancouver23
Persian Washington D.C.30,426Tysons Corner26
Punjabi SikhAbbotsford28,235Clearbrook4111
Punjabi SikhBakersfield, CA10,000Panama56
Punjabi SikhCalgary56,055Castleridge61
Punjabi SikhChicago9,137West Ridge58
Punjabi SikhDallas Fort Worth12,285Irving51
Punjabi SikhDetroit8,733Canton56
Punjabi SikhEdmonton44,440Southeast Edmonton67
Punjabi SikhFresno8,732Muscatel47
Punjabi SikhHamilton9,590Grayside51
Punjabi SikhHouston8,964Willowbrook51
Punjabi SikhIndianapolis8,789McCordsville55
Punjabi SikhLos Angeles32,347Buena Park59
Punjabi SikhMontreal22,990Parc Extension58
Punjabi SikhNew York78,408Richmond Hill (Queens)69
Punjabi SikhPhiladelphia10,266Millbourne55
Punjabi SikhSacramento52,754South Sacramento55
Punjabi SikhSan Francisco100,118Fremont77
Punjabi SikhSeattle24,757Kent68
Punjabi SikhToronto244,240Brampton75
Punjabi SikhVancouver222,160Surrey65
Punjabi SikhWashington D.C.20,886Fairfax48
Punjabi SikhWinnipeg33,345The Maples45
Pupa JewishNew York8,825Williamsburg (Brooklyn)90
Sanzer JewishNew York7,006Borough Park88
Satmar JewishNew York156,744Williamsburg (Brooklyn)99
Skver JewishNew York17,678New Square (Rockland Cty)91
SomaliCalgary6,450Northeast Calgary63
SomaliColumbus, OH45,000Northland79
SomaliNashville5,000Southeast Nashville61
Somali Ottawa25,330Ridgemont75
Somali San Diego15,000City Heights72
Somali BantuColumbus, OH5,000West side85
Somali BantuToronto6,000Etobicoke86
SoninkeNew York15,000Highbridge (Bronx)85
Sri Lankan SinhaleseToronto16,300Scarborough38
Sri Lankan SinhaleseNew York7,500Tompkinsville (SI)32
Syrian Arab MuslimLos Angeles7,999Anaheim36
Syrian Arab MuslimMontreal8,418Ahuntsic-Cartierville39
Syrian Arab MuslimNew York15,786Bay Ridge (Brooklyn)37
Syrian JewishNew York75,000Ocean Parkway (Brooklyn)96
Persian Jewish (Tehrani)Los Angeles40,000Beverly Hills88
Persian Jewish (Tehrani)New York20,000Great Neck (Long Island)86
ThaiChicago7,837Albany Park29
ThaiDallas Fort Worth5,467City Place19
ThaiLas Vegas5,743Paradise25
ThaiLos Angeles34,615East Hollywood (Thai Town)21
ThaiNew York11,772Elmhurst (Queens)22
ThaiSan Francisco10,625Civic Center29
ThaiSeattle6,524University District24
ThaiWashington D.C.11,759Shaw27
TibetanNew York13,000Jackson Heights (Queens)77
TibetanToronto8,000West Parkdale74
Tunisian ArabMontreal18,970Little Maghreb74
TurkAtlanta5,055Sandy Springs56
TurkBoston6,462North Brookline57
TurkChicago7,361Mount Prospect56
TurkHouston5,324Memorial Park56
TurkLos Angeles11,500Culver City58
TurkMiami8,102Miami Beach56
TurkNew York41,367South Paterson (NJ)57
TurkPhiladelphia7,179Riverside (NJ)57
TurkSan Francisco12,810Sunnyvale59
TurkWashington D.C.12,918Fairfax 59
UzbekNew York32,999Brighton Beach (Brooklyn)37
Vizhnitz JewishNew York18,382Kaser (Rockland Cty)90
WolofNew York20,000Harlem81
Yemeni ArabDetroit25,000Hamtramck72
Yemeni ArabNew York20,000Bay Ridge (Brooklyn)72
Yemeni ArabSan Francisco10,000Oakland62
Yeshivish JewishChicago5,894West Rogers Park68
Yeshivish JewishLos Angeles13,600Hancock Park74
Yeshivish JewishMiami10,726North Miami Beach72
Yeshivish JewishNew York120,000Lakewood (NJ)91
Yeshivish JewishToronto16,000York75
Yeshivish JewishWashington D.C.9,921Glen (Baltimore)70
Figures for matrix score formula (don't delete)
Helpful resources for sharing Jesus with Afghans
Pashto BiblesOnline Pashto written and audio Bible.pashto-bibles
Pashto RadioMusic, drama, teaching, dialogue, Bible studies, Scripture, and movies in Pashto.pashto-radio
The Prophets' StoryThis video presents the gospel in the Southern Pashto language simply and quickly through the stories of the Biblical prophets. prophets-story-thumbnail
JESUS FilmThe JESUS Film in Southern Pashto language, for streaming or download.Jesus-film-thumbnail
Mary Magdalena (Jesus Film)Southern Pashto version of the Mary Magdalena film. Very powerful among women. magdalena-thumbnail
Pashto ZerayGood News for Pashtuns including Bible, radio programs, videos, testimonies, and poetry resourcesmovie-background-thumbnail
Bible.isAudio, drama, and written Bible in Dari, the main language of Afghan
JESUS FilmThe JESUS Film in the Dari language (spoken by Afghan Tajiks), for streaming or download.Jesus-film-thumbnail
Mary Magdalena (Jesus Film)Dari version (spoken by Afghan Tajiks) of the Mary Magdalena film. Very powerful among women. magdalena-thumbnail
The Prophets' StoryGreat Creation to Christ video for Muslims. In Hazaragi (Hazara).prophets-story-thumbnail
JESUS FilmThe JESUS Film in the Hazaragi language (spoken by Hazara), for streaming or download.Jesus-film-thumbnail
Afghan BiblesBible in the languages of Afghanistan (Dari, Pashto, Hazaragi, Shughni)Afghan-electronnic-bible-thumbnail
Afghan AppsScripture and discipleship for mobile phones and tabletsAfghan-Apps-thumbnail
Hope4AfghansA large variety of media in English, Dari and Pashto, including testimonies, articles, videos, Jesus film, etc.Hope 4 afghans Resource Thumbnail
Afgan Media CentreBooks, videos, etc. in Pashto and DariAfghan Media Centre Resource Thumbnail (1)
Interlit FoundationFor those wanting to learn about Pashto and Dari speaking peoples of Afg-Pak.interlit Resource Thumbnail (1)
Interested in reaching Afghans? Have a suggested edit or want to help? Contact us!

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    100,000 Yemenis

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 6,645 people whose ethnic origin was Yemeni. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 58,627 people born in Yemen now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Arabs in the census, it is safe to assume there are at least 100,000 Yemenis in North America. The Wikipedia article on Yemeni Americans claims "there are an estimated 100,000-200,000 Yemenis living in the United States as of 2018,” but no source is given for that statistic.

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    350,000 Bosniaks

    The Congress of Bosniaks of North America estimate 300,000 Bosniaks live in the United States and 50,000 in Canada.

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    300,000 Somalis

    The America Community Survey 2019 estimated 182,951 people reporting Somali ancestry in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 estimated 62,500 people with Somali ethnic origin in Canada. Census figures tend to undercount groups like Somalis who are suspicious of government authorities and census takers. Community estimates of Somalis in the Greater Toronto and Edmonton areas alone number 100,000. An estimated 300,000 Somalis in North America is a conservative estimate, and their population number could be much higher.

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    670,000 to 1,000,000 Sikhs

    In the 2011 Statstics Canada census, 454,965 Sikhs were estimated to live in Canada. The United States does not count religious affiliation in its census, and the language of Punjabi is also spoken by Hindus and Muslims which makes "language spoken at home" a difficult category for measuring Sikhs. However, the 2012 Pew Religious Survey indicates 5% of Indian Americans are Sikh. The 2019 American Community Survey estimated 4,240,466 Asian Indians living in the United States, and 5% of that population equals 212,023. The Sikh America Coalition, however, estimates 500,000 Sikhs living in the United States. Therefore, low estimates of Sikhs in North America are around 670,000 people and high estimates are around one million.

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    400,000 Afghans

    The diversity of the people groups who identify as Afghans contributes to the difficulty of using census information to estimate the number of Afghans in North America. The American Community Survey 2019 counted 156,434 people in the United States with "Afghan" ancestry. However, some Afghans would identify their ancestry as Tajik, Pashtun, and so forth. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 83,995 people with Ethnic Origin as Afghan, 4,810 as Pashtun, 2,905 as Tajik, and 1,515 as Hazara. So, adding those number together gives a good idea of a low estimate of the number of Afghans in Canada. Allied Media Corporation, who has worked extensively with the Afghan American Community, estimates 300,000 Afghans live in the United States. With adding Canada's number, a reasonable estimate of Afghans in North America is 400,000 people.

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    Estimated 40,000 Kurds in the United States and 16,315 Kurds in Canada

    A 2019 BBC article estimated 40,000 Kurds in the United States, as did a much earlier NBC News Report. A 2009 Kurdish Herald aricle estimated 50,000 Iraqi Kurds were living in the United States. The estimates of Kurds we have found in various cities seem to coincide with the more conservative 40,000 number. However, many Kurds from Turkey mix into the Turkish population and are harder to identify. Statistics Canada 2016 estimated 16,315 people in Canada had a Kurdish Ethnic Origin.

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    Between 275,000 and 350,000 Turks living in North America

    The Turkish Coalition of America gives a conservative community estimate of 350,000 Turks in the United States. According to American Community Survey 2019, 212,489 Turkish people were estimated to live in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 reported 63,966 with a Turkish ethnic origin.


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    Pakistan makes up the largest single country of origin of Muslims in North America, with 769,000. 554,000 (2019 ACS) reside in the United States and 215,000 (2016 Census) in Canada.

    Statistically, it is estimated that 370,000 Indo-Pak Muslims in North America originated of Indian descent. 270,000 reside in the United States and 100,000 reside in Canada. A Pew Research study found that 10% of Indian descent in North America identify as Muslim. It is by using this 10% and total Indian population numbers that the Indo-Pak Muslims from India are calculated.

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    Estimated 66,000 Wolof in the United States

    According to ACS and the Senegalese-American Association estimates listed in articles in previous years, it is safe to assume there are at least 60,000 Wolof in North America. The previous population and community estimates within NYC have listed the Wolof population around 20,000 not including the Wolof that live in Chicago, Seattle, Raleigh, Montreal, etc. Information from lists the population around 66,000. 

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    Approximately 972,000 Gujaratis call North America home

    20% of all Indians in the United States are from Gujarat state. According to the 2019 5-yr table ACS Census Data, there are 4,240,466 Indians in the United States. Statistically, there are approximately 848,093 Gujaratis in the United States. The 2016 Candian Census indicates that 124,030 speak Gujarati in the home. 

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    The U.S. Census American Community Survey 2019 estimated 3,995,755 people with Asian Indian ancestry in the U.S. Pew Research indicates that 36% of all Indian descent population in the U.S. identify as Hindi. Therefore the estimate of Asian Indians who identify as Hindi is 1,438,472. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 433,365 Hindi Knowledge of Language in Canada. Using census information instead of community estimates helps compare populations of people groups in various cities. However, the population is likely more extensive than this number.

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    approximately 67,000

    According to the American Community Survey 2019, 65,126 Uzbek people are estimated to live in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 reported 1715 with an Uzbek ethnic origin.

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    There are 132,477 people estimated to be born in Israel living in the United States (ACS 2019) and 21,155 in Canada (Stats Canada 2011; the 2016 count seriously undercounted Jewish populations). Community estimates are often much higher than these official census counts.

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    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 103,940 people whose ethnic origin was Morocco. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 83,842 people born in Morocco and now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Arabs in the census, it is safe to assume there are at least 150,000 Moroccan Arabs in North America. 

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    The 2019 ACS 1-year estimates report over 249,000 individuals of Iraqi descent in the United States, and over 70,000 people reported Iraqi origin according to the 2016 Statistics Canada. Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine the exact number of Iraqi-Americans. Actual numbers are likely much higher. 

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    50,000 Tunisian Arabs

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 25,645 people whose ethnic origin was Tunisian. The 2019 American Community Survey does not count Tunisians.  Based on this article published in a Tunisian magazine, the number of Tunisians living in North America in 2016 was 44,195. We assume that the number has increased since then and approximate the number of Tunisian Arabs living in North America to be around 50,000.

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    The United States has a population of 168,000 Palestinian Arabs while Canada has a 44,800 strong Palestinian Arab population.

    The 2019 American Community Survey counted 139,398 people of Palestinian ancestry. A report by the Arab American Institute showed that the Arab populations in the US are undercounted by 179.56% and approximately 67% are Muslim resulting in approximately 168,000 living in the US. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 44,820 people whose ethnic origin was Palestinian. 

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    280,000 Thai in North America

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 19,010 people whose ethnic origin was Thai. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 260,820 people born in Thailand and now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Thai in the census, it is possible that there are over 400,000 Thai in North America. This Pew Research article estimates 343,000 Thai in the US as of 2019. 

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    245,00Arabs of Egyptian origin in North America

    According to the Arab American Institute Foundation, Arab populations are undercounted by 79 percent in the United States. According to Pew Research approximately 40% of Epyptians in the US are Muslim. Approximately 44% of Canadian Egyptians are Muslims. These percentages and the total Arab population from the American Community Survey 2019 1-year estimates and 2016 Statistics Canada provide the most accurate estimate while excluding Egyptian Coptics. There are approximately 201,000 Egyptian Arabs in the US and 44,000 in Canada.

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    nearly 600,000

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 210,405 people whose ethnic origin was Iranian. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 385,473 people of ethnic Persians living in the United States. Using census information instead of community estimates helps compare populations of people groups in various cities. However, the p is likely larger than the number given.

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    12,000 Somali Bantus

    In the late 1990s and 2000s, the US resettled around 12,000 Somali Bantu from refugee camps through the UNCHR program. The population is likely much higher than 12,000 since many of the refugees were young and have since started families of their own.

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    193,000 Albanian Muslims

    The 2019 1-Year United States American Community Estimate Census data reported 199,908 people reporting Albanian ancestry. Statistics Canada 2021 Census data reported 41,625 people indicating Albanian ethnic origin. These numbers were multiplied by 0.80 to get a more accurate number of those identifying as Muslim. Census data provides a baseline population estimate, but numbers are likely much higher. 

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