Bukharan Jewish Community

in north america

“We hate the word ‘melting pot,’” Aron Aronov claimed, reflecting on his people’s disposition regarding American assimilation. Aronov, who is often called the Mayor of Queensistan, has received the unusual moniker because of his arduous activism for preserving the culture, language, and heritage of his people, the Bukharan Jews, who have migrated en masse to Queens, New York from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Bukharan Jews, also known as Bukharian and Bukharic Jews, are believed to be descendants of Israelites who were exiled to Babylonia in 586 BC. Having later come under the influence of the Persians, Bukharan Jewish community today speak Russian or their traditional language called Bukhori, which is similar to Tajik Persian, with a trace of Hebrew and Russian.

For over 2,000 years, Bukharan Jews were one of the most isolated Jewish groups in the world. Eventually settling in the region of Bukhara in Central Asia due to, among other reasons, commercial opportunities along the Silk Road, Jewish people from this region came to be known as “Bukharan.” While only a few hundred are left in Central Asia today, over 70,000 now call North America home, with New York City hosting a majority of the population. Small populations also exist in Atlanta, Toronto, and elsewhere. Queens is home to the largest concentration of Bukharans in the world and around one-fourth of the world’s Bukharan Jewish population.

Almost nightly, the Bukharan restaurants in Queens convert into party halls, usually celebrating someone’s birthday, wedding, bar mitzvah, or a Jewish holiday. If a Bukharan family is wealthy enough, these parties take place in their large mansions, which house multiple generations of families under one roof. While the Bukharan community has its share of unemployed people with limited English skills, a super-wealthy class has emerged as well, primarily from working in the jewelry industry. Because of the Jewish customs and cultural distinctives of the Bukharan community, the Bukharans often live within a short distance of their synagogues, which also function as community centers.

Religious Life

Now that freedom to practice their religion has been realized, many Bukharan Jews have used the opportunity not only to embrace their distinct religious identity but also to gain knowledge of Orthodox traditions normally associated with the Ashkenazi branch of Judaism. As the Bukharan Jewish community’s chief rabbi explains, “About 20% of the community are Orthodox, 60% are traditional but not necessarily observant, and 20% are unaffiliated.” Despite the influence of Ashkenazi Orthodoxy in places like Queens, Bukharans still practice Sephardic Judaism. Most of the Bukharan Jewish community are very superstitious and do not question their rabbis, which is one reason their distinct religious rites and customs have been preserved.

These are the Bukharan communities in North America most in need of gospel witness

People GroupMetropolitan AreaPopulation SizeConcentrated AreaPriority Score
AfghanLos Angeles16,719Irvine57
AfghanNew York9,871Flushing (Queens)49
AfghanSacramento21,673Elk Grove69
AfghanSan Diego7,189El Cajon58
AfghanSan Francisco32,142Fremont69
AfghanMontreal9,515Saint-Martin (Laval)59
AfghanVancouver7,980New Westminster51
AfghanWashington D.C.33,236Springfield73
Afghan Hindu/SikhNew York6,000Hicksville (Long Island)86
Algerian ArabMontreal54,635Little Maghreb71
BambaraNew York5,000Harlem69
BangladeshiNew York84,099Jamaica (Queens)41
BangladeshiDallas Fort Worth6,355Irving47
BangladeshiToronto23,400Danforth Village46
BangladeshiWashington D.C.11,798York Town (Arlington)48
BangladeshiLos Angeles7,362Little Bangladesh46
BangladeshiMontreal6,920Parc Extension48
Belzer JewishNew York12,518Borough Park (Brooklyn)86
Bobover JewishNew York23,509Borough Park (Brooklyn)90
BosniakBowling Green5,000Morgantown Road60
BosniakDes Moines10,000Merle Hay63
BosniakGrand Rapids10,000Kentwood63
BosniakNew York10,000Astoria (Queens)63
BosniakSt. Louis50,000Mehlville77
BosniakUtica5,000Bleecker St.60
Breslov JewishNew York5,000Boro Park86
Bukharan JewishNew York60,000Rego Park (Queens)74
Chabad Lubavitch JewishNew York27,103Crown Heights (Brooklyn)91
Egyptian ArabBoston5,602Dudley Square23
Egyptian ArabChicago8,276Hickory Hills25
Egyptian ArabLos Angeles23,765Anaheim40
Egyptian ArabMontreal8,733Saint-Laurent27
Egyptian ArabNashville6,912South Nashville31
Egyptian ArabNew York52,324Astoria (Queens)46
Egyptian ArabToronto36,340Mississauga45
Egyptian ArabWashington D.C.9,633Lanier Heights24
Fouta TooroCincinnati5,000Lockland75
Fouta TooroNew York7,600Bed-Stuy (Brooklyn)78
Fulbe FutaNew York5,000Morrisania (Bronx77
Gerer JewishNew York8,791Borough Park84
Gorsky-Kavkazi JewishNew York10,000Kensington (Brooklyn)89
GujaratiNew York141,827Edison (NJ)70
GujaratiSan Francisco90,627Fremont58
GujaratiLos Angeles39,870Woodbury45
GujaratiAtlanta25,782Big Creek52
GujaratiHouston29,100Sugar Land 62
GujaratiMontreal7,830Dollard-Des Ormeaux56
GujaratiBoston24,962Town of Acton60
GujaratiCharlotte8,000Mallard Creek46
GujaratiEdmonton6,730Strathcona Industrial Park52
GujaratiAustin9,785Walsh Creek44
GujaratiDallas Fort Worth37,791Plano48
GujaratiSan Diego7,826Miramar49
GujaratiPhoenix11,006Chandler-Kirby Estates47
GujaratiSacramento12,677North Natomas50
GujaratiMinneapolis8,650Eden Prairie49
GujaratiColumbus, OH7,016Polaris37
GujaratiHartford6,019Rocky Hill49
GujaratiWashington D.C.43,674Calverton62
Gujarati Vancouver10,685South Vancouver58
Indian HindiNew York255,289Jersey City, Edison46
Indian HindiToronto207,780Etobicoke45
Indian HindiSan Francisco163,128Fremont43
Indian HindiChicago80,082West Ridge "Little India"44
Indian HindiVancouver70,500South Vancouver39
Indian HindiHouston52,380Sugar Land37
Indian HindiLos Angeles71,766Artesia37
Indian HindiSacramento22,818Valley Hi/North Laguna45
Indian HindiBoston44,932Town of Acton55
Indian HindiMontreal14,950Parc Extension56
Indian HindiSeattle38,042Bellevue32
Indian HindiRaleigh16,413Morrisville46
Indian HindiDallas Fort Worth68,023Frisco33
Indian HindiOttawa10,595Napean/Westboro56
Indian HindiEdmonton9,020SE Edmonton48
Indian HindiCharlotte14,400Mecklenburg41
Indian HindiPhoenix19,812Chandler-Kirby Estates55
Indian HindiMinneapolis15,570Edina50
Indian HindiAustin17,612Walsh Creek47
Indian HindiSan Diego14,086Miramar50
Indian HindiWinnipeg11,300Colony (Little India)53
Indian HindiCincinnati7,623Clifton Heights47
Indian HindiOrlando15,020Williamsburg 50
Indian HindiKitchener6,585West Mount36
Indian HindiCleveland8,911Glenwillow49
Indian HindiDenver9,958Sedalia52
Indian HindiPortland9,409Rockcreek44
Indian HindiTampa12,709Brandon52
Indian HindiMiami18,341Plantation55
Indian HindiHartford10,834Rocky Hill49
Indian HindiPittsburgh6,959Marshall Township48
Indian HindiRichmond6,554Three Chopt31
Indian HindiSt.Louis8,100Ballwin44
Indian HindiIndianapolis8,838Wayne Township51
Indian HindiMilwaukee6,162Brookfield58
Indian HindiColumbus, OH12,630Polaris36
Indian Hindi Atlanta46,407Big Creek36
Indian Hindi Calgary7,390Castleridge36
Indian Hindi Philadelphia49,012Eaglesville (Center City)58
Indian Hindi Detroit34,648Troy 56
Indian Hindi Washington D.C.78,613Ellicott city48
Indonesian MuslimLos Angeles7,500San Bernardino29
Iraqi ArabAtlanta10,532Clarkston38
Iraqi ArabAustin7,963Pflugerville43
Iraqi ArabHouston11,914Mid-West41
Iraqi ArabNew York8,443Astoria (Queens)47
Iraqi Arab Detroit68,626East Dearborn57
Iraqi Arab Chicago17,491Northbrook53
Iraqi Arab Toronto29,045Vaughan47
Iraqi Arab San Diego25,923El Cajon57
Iraqi Arab Dallas Fort Worth11,319Richardson41
Iraqi Arab Phoenix19,457Jefferson at Steele Indian43
Iraqi Arab Washington D.C.9,685Lanier Heights42
Iraqi ArabVancouver5,205Surrey40
Israeli Sabra JewishToronto7,625North York49
Israeli Sabra JewishMiami12,299Plantation54
Israeli Sabra JewishNew York36,720Kew Gardens Hills (Queens)66
Israeli Sabra JewishChicago5,148Skokie47
Israeli Sabra JewishSan Francisco9,384Sunnyvale51
Israeli Sabra JewishLos Angeles18,885Pico Robertson & Fairfax60
Jordanian Arab MuslimChicago7,122Bridgeview40
JulaNew York5,000Harlem69
Kabyle BerberMontreal18,029Longue-Pointe48
Kosovar AlbanianNew York40,000Pelham Parkway (Bronx)64
KurdsDallas Fort Worth6,500South Arlington52
KurdsNashville15,000Elysian Fields53
Lebanese Arab MuslimDetroit33,099East Dearborn42
Lebanese Arab MuslimNew York20,901Paterson34
Lebanese Arab MuslimToronto29,750Mississauga34
Lebanese Arab MuslimLos Angeles18,893Monterey Park35
Lebanese Arab MuslimBoston22,539Somerville35
Lebanese Arab MuslimDallas Fort Worth5,671Richardson27
Lebanese Arab MuslimHouston6,622Mid West27
Lebanese Arab MuslimMiami7,622Upper Eastside47
Lebanese Arab MuslimMontreal10,731Saint-Laurent34
Lebanese Arab MuslimWashington D.C.9,239Woodley Park 33
MandinkaNew York5,000Highbridge (Bronx)81
ManinkaNew York5,000Concourse (Bronx)76
Persian Jewish (Mashadi)New York5,000Great Neck (Long Island)88
Moroccan ArabBoston12,602Malden46
Moroccan ArabLos Angeles7,272Central LA-Beverly Wood44
Moroccan ArabNew York41,356Astoria (Queens)57
Moroccan Arab Chicago5,000Bridgeview44
Moroccan ArabDetroit6,660Hamtramck37
Moroccan Arab Miami9,651Upper Eastside47
Moroccan Arab Philadelphia6,114Center City41
Moroccan Arab Washington D.C.15,634Brockwood49
Moroccan Arab Montreal67,450Little Maghreb73
Moroccan BerberMontreal12,524Little Maghreb67
Moroccan JewishToronto5,000North York83
Moroccan JewishMontreal10,000Hampstead64
Indo-Pak MuslimsAustin9,336Northwest Austin39
Indo-Pak MuslimsToronto194,390East York51
Indo-Pak MuslimsNew York171,011Midwood (Brooklyn)50
Indo-Pak MuslimsHouston54,218Sugarland49
Indo-Pak MuslimsDallas Fort Worth43,274Plano47
Indo-Pak MuslimsSan Francisco74,602Diamond Heights45
Indo-Pak MuslimsWashington D.C.68,892Fairfax couty, Mt. Vernon48
Indo-Pak MuslimsChicago57,031Skokie36
Indo-Pak MuslimsLos Angeles43,766Central LA37
Indo-Pak MuslimsCalgary17,785Castleridge44
Indo-Pak MuslimsVancouver14,610Burnaby and Surrey48
Indo-Pak MuslimsMontreal15,920Parc Extension48
Indo-Pak MuslimsEdmonton8,815Blue Quill36
Indo-Pak MuslimsPhiladelphia25,830Delran34
Indo-Pak MuslimsSeattle17,439Meridian42
Indo-Pak MuslimsMiami12,668Miramar-Pimebrook Pines50
Indo-Pak MuslimsAtlanta25,401Roswell40
Indo-Pak MuslimsBoston20,368Cambridge44
Indo-Pak MuslimsSacramento14,165North Oak Park45
Indo-Pak MuslimsOrlando7,808Florida Center48
Indo-Pak MuslimsOttawa7,490Sandy Hill46
Indo-Pak MuslimsDetroit19,726Canton37
Palestinian Arab MuslimNew York15,364South Paterson (NJ)50
Palestinian Arab MuslimToronto15,555Mississauga50
Palestinian Arab MuslimChicago24,832Bridgeview52
Palestinian Arab MuslimDallas Fort Worth10,311Richardson38
Palestinian Arab MuslimDetroit7,584Livonia36
Palestinian Arab MuslimLos Angeles12,064Anaheim44
Palestinian Arab MuslimSan Francisco11,146Soma42
Palestinian Arab MuslimWashington D.C.7,220Lanier Heights38
PersianToronto97,110North York41
PersianLos Angeles127,713Tehrangeles43
PersianNew York30,520Great Neck (Long Island)33
PersianSan Francisco50,170San Mateo25
PersianVancouver44,355West Vancouver23
PersianSan Diego19,882La Jolla21
PersianMontreal23,410Notre Dame de Grâce24
PersianHouston14,742Woodlake/Briar Meadow21
PersianDallas Fort Worth13,939Plano21
PersianPortland6,672Pearl District22
Persian Washington D.C.30,426Tysons Corner26
Persian Sacramento8,100El Dorado Hills17
Punjabi SikhAtlanta6,445Norcross55
Punjabi SikhBakerfield, CA10,000Panama56
Punjabi SikhDallas Fort Worth9,448Irving50
Punjabi SikhFresno10,000Muscatel47
Punjabi SikhHouston8,184Willowbrook51
Punjabi SikhNew York80,000Richmond Hill (Queens)69
Punjabi SikhToronto159,910Brampton75
Punjabi SikhVancouver155,945Surrey65
Punjabi SikhSacramento50,000South Yuba City54
Punjabi SikhLos Angeles30,000Buena Park59
Punjabi SikhChicago11,123West Ridge58
Punjabi SikhDetroit10,000Canton56
Punjabi SikhIndianapolis10,000McCordsville55
Punjabi SikhPhiladelphia6,807Millbourne55
Punjabi SikhWashington D.C.8,618Fairfax47
Punjabi SikhSeattle20,000Kent67
Punjabi SikhEdmonton44,440Southeast Edmonton67
Punjabi SikhSan Francisco40,000Fremont71
Punjabi SikhWinnipeg9,885The Maples43
Punjabi SikhAbbotsford28,235Clearbrook4111
Punjabi SikhHamilton5,920Grayside50
Punjabi SikhCalgary56,055Castleridge61
Punjabi SikhMontreal9,205Parc Extension57
Pupa JewishNew York8,825Williamsburg (Brooklyn)90
Sanzer JewishNew York7,006Borough Park88
Satmar JewishNew York156,744Williamsburg (Brooklyn)99
Skver JewishNew York17,678New Square (Rockland Cty)91
SomaliCalgary6,450Northeast Calgary63
SomaliColumbus, OH45,000Northland79
SomaliNashville5,000Southeast Nashville61
Somali Ottawa25,650Ridgemont75
Somali San Diego15,000City Heights72
Somali BantuToronto6,000Etobicoke86
Somali BantuColumbus, OH5,000West side85
SoninkeNew York15,000Highbridge (Bronx)85
Sri Lankan SinhaleseToronto15,000Scarborough37
Sri Lankan SinhaleseNew York7,500Tompkinsville (SI)32
Syrian Arab MuslimNew York15,786Bay Ridge (Brooklyn)37
Syrian Arab MuslimMontreal7,275Ahuntsic-Cartierville38
Syrian Arab MuslimLos Angeles7,999Anaheim36
Syrian JewishNew York75,000Ocean Parkway (Brooklyn)96
Persian Jewish (Tehrani)Los Angeles40,000Beverly Hills88
Persian Jewish (Tehrani)New York20,000Great Neck (Long Island)86
ThaiNew York11,772Elmhurst (Queens)22
ThaiLos Angeles34,615East Hollywood (Thai Town)21
ThaiWashington D.C.11,759Shaw27
ThaiSan Francisco10,625Civic Center29
ThaiSeattle6,524University District24
ThaiChicago7,837Albany Park29
ThaiDallas Fort Worth5,467City Place19
ThaiLas Vegas5,743Paradise25
TibetanNew York13,000Jackson Heights (Queens)77
TibetanToronto8,000West Parkdale74
Tunisian ArabMontreal17,645Little Maghreb74
TurkAtlanta5,055Sandy Springs56
TurkBoston6,462North Brookline57
TurkChicago7,361Mount Prospect56
TurkMiami8,102Miami Beach56
TurkNew York41,367South Paterson (NJ)57
TurkHouston5,324Memorial Park56
TurkPhiladelphia7,179Riverside (NJ)57
TurkSan Francisco12,810Sunnyvale59
TurkWashington D.C.12,918Fairfax 59
TurkLos Angeles11,500Culver City58
UzbekNew York32,999Brighton Beach (Brooklyn)37
Vizhnitz JewishNew York18,382Kaser (Rockland Cty)90
WolofNew York20,000Harlem81
Yemeni ArabNew York20,000Bay Ridge (Brooklyn)72
Yemeni ArabDetroit25,000Hamtramck72
Yemeni ArabSan Francisco10,000Oakland62
Yeshivish JewishChicago5,894West Rogers Park68
Yeshivish JewishMiami10,726North Miami Beach72
Yeshivish JewishWashington D.C.9,921Glen (Baltimore)70
Yeshivish JewishToronto16,000York75
Yeshivish JewishNew York120,000Lakewood (NJ)91
Yeshivish JewishLos Angeles13,600Hancock Park74
Figures for matrix score formula (don't delete)
Helpful resources for sharing Jesus with Bukharans
Russian Bible Audio and Written VersionListen to an audio and written version of the Bible in Russian.bible.is-thumbnail
Global Recordings NetworksAudio resources in the Bukharian language.global-recordings-network-square
JESUS FilmJESUS film video in the Bukharian language.Jesus-film-thumbnail
JESUS FilmJESUS film video in Russian.Jesus-film-thumbnail
Magdalena filmThe Magdalena film in Russian.magdalena-thumbnail
Got QuestionsBiblical answers to real-life questions, in Russian.got-questions-square-logo
Top 40 Messianic PropheciesThese passages from the Jewish Scriptures find their fulfillment in the life of Jesus. In English.Jews-for-jesus-logo
Interested in reaching Bukharans? Have a suggested edit or want to help? Contact us!

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    100,000 Yemenis

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 6,645 people whose ethnic origin was Yemeni. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 58,627 people born in Yemen now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Arabs in the census, it is safe to assume there are at least 100,000 Yemenis in North America. The Wikipedia article on Yemeni Americans claims "there are an estimated 100,000-200,000 Yemenis living in the United States as of 2018,” but no source is given for that statistic.

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    350,000 Bosniaks

    The Congress of Bosniaks of North America estimate 300,000 Bosniaks live in the United States and 50,000 in Canada.

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    300,000 Somalis

    The America Community Survey 2019 estimated 182,951 people reporting Somali ancestry in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 estimated 62,500 people with Somali ethnic origin in Canada. Census figures tend to undercount groups like Somalis who are suspicious of government authorities and census takers. Community estimates of Somalis in the Greater Toronto and Edmonton areas alone number 100,000. An estimated 300,000 Somalis in North America is a conservative estimate, and their population number could be much higher.

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    670,000 to 1,000,000 Sikhs

    In the 2011 Statstics Canada census, 454,965 Sikhs were estimated to live in Canada. The United States does not count religious affiliation in its census, and the language of Punjabi is also spoken by Hindus and Muslims which makes "language spoken at home" a difficult category for measuring Sikhs. However, the 2012 Pew Religious Survey indicates 5% of Indian Americans are Sikh. The 2019 American Community Survey estimated 4,240,466 Asian Indians living in the United States, and 5% of that population equals 212,023. The Sikh America Coalition, however, estimates 500,000 Sikhs living in the United States. Therefore, low estimates of Sikhs in North America are around 670,000 people and high estimates are around one million.

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    400,000 Afghans

    The diversity of the people groups who identify as Afghans contributes to the difficulty of using census information to estimate the number of Afghans in North America. The American Community Survey 2019 counted 156,434 people in the United States with "Afghan" ancestry. However, some Afghans would identify their ancestry as Tajik, Pashtun, and so forth. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 83,995 people with Ethnic Origin as Afghan, 4,810 as Pashtun, 2,905 as Tajik, and 1,515 as Hazara. So, adding those number together gives a good idea of a low estimate of the number of Afghans in Canada. Allied Media Corporation, who has worked extensively with the Afghan American Community, estimates 300,000 Afghans live in the United States. With adding Canada's number, a reasonable estimate of Afghans in North America is 400,000 people.

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    Estimated 40,000 Kurds in the United States and 16,315 Kurds in Canada

    A 2019 BBC article estimated 40,000 Kurds in the United States, as did a much earlier NBC News Report. A 2009 Kurdish Herald aricle estimated 50,000 Iraqi Kurds were living in the United States. The estimates of Kurds we have found in various cities seem to coincide with the more conservative 40,000 number. However, many Kurds from Turkey mix into the Turkish population and are harder to identify. Statistics Canada 2016 estimated 16,315 people in Canada had a Kurdish Ethnic Origin.

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    Between 275,000 and 350,000 Turks living in North America

    The Turkish Coalition of America gives a conservative community estimate of 350,000 Turks in the United States. According to American Community Survey 2019, 212,489 Turkish people were estimated to live in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 reported 63,966 with a Turkish ethnic origin.


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    Pakistan makes up the largest single country of origin of Muslims in North America, with 769,000. 554,000 (2019 ACS) reside in the United States and 215,000 (2016 Census) in Canada.

    Statistically, it is estimated that 370,000 Indo-Pak Muslims in North America originated of Indian descent. 270,000 reside in the United States and 100,000 reside in Canada. A Pew Research study found that 10% of Indian descent in North America identify as Muslim. It is by using this 10% and total Indian population numbers that the Indo-Pak Muslims from India are calculated.

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    Estimated 66,000 Wolof in the United States

    According to ACS and the Senegalese-American Association estimates listed in articles in previous years, it is safe to assume there are at least 60,000 Wolof in North America. The previous population and community estimates within NYC have listed the Wolof population around 20,000 not including the Wolof that live in Chicago, Seattle, Raleigh, Montreal, etc. Information from Peoplegroups.org lists the population around 66,000. 

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    Approximately 972,000 Gujaratis call North America home

    20% of all Indians in the United States are from Gujarat state. According to the 2019 5-yr table ACS Census Data, there are 4,240,466 Indians in the United States. Statistically, there are approximately 848,093 Gujaratis in the United States. The 2016 Candian Census indicates that 124,030 speak Gujarati in the home. 

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    The U.S. Census American Community Survey 2019 estimated 3,995,755 people with Asian Indian ancestry in the U.S. Pew Research indicates that 36% of all Indian descent population in the U.S. identify as Hindi. Therefore the estimate of Asian Indians who identify as Hindi is 1,438,472. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 433,365 Hindi Knowledge of Language in Canada. Using census information instead of community estimates helps compare populations of people groups in various cities. However, the population is likely more extensive than this number.

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    approximately 67,000

    According to the American Community Survey 2019, 65,126 Uzbek people are estimated to live in the United States. Statistics Canada 2016 reported 1715 with an Uzbek ethnic origin.

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    There are 132,477 people estimated to be born in Israel living in the United States (ACS 2019) and 21,155 in Canada (Stats Canada 2011; the 2016 count seriously undercounted Jewish populations). Community estimates are often much higher than these official census counts.

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    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 103,940 people whose ethnic origin was Morocco. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 83,842 people born in Morocco and now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Arabs in the census, it is safe to assume there are at least 150,000 Moroccan Arabs in North America. 

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    The 2019 ACS 1-year estimates report over 249,000 individuals of Iraqi descent in the United States, and over 70,000 people reported Iraqi origin according to the 2016 Statistics Canada. Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine the exact number of Iraqi-Americans. Actual numbers are likely much higher. 

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    50,000 Tunisian Arabs

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 25,645 people whose ethnic origin was Tunisian. The 2019 American Community Survey does not count Tunisians.  Based on this article published in a Tunisian magazine, the number of Tunisians living in North America in 2016 was 44,195. We assume that the number has increased since then and approximate the number of Tunisian Arabs living in North America to be around 50,000.

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    The United States has a population of 168,000 Palestinian Arabs while Canada has a 44,800 strong Palestinian Arab population.

    The 2019 American Community Survey counted 139,398 people of Palestinian ancestry. A report by the Arab American Institute showed that the Arab populations in the US are undercounted by 179.56% and approximately 67% are Muslim resulting in approximately 168,000 living in the US. Statistics Canada 2016 counted 44,820 people whose ethnic origin was Palestinian. 

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    280,000 Thai in North America

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 19,010 people whose ethnic origin was Thai. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 260,820 people born in Thailand and now living in the United States. Counting U.S.-born children and typical undercounts of Thai in the census, it is possible that there are over 400,000 Thai in North America. This Pew Research article estimates 343,000 Thai in the US as of 2019. 

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    245,00Arabs of Egyptian origin in North America

    According to the Arab American Institute Foundation, Arab populations are undercounted by 79 percent in the United States. According to Pew Research approximately 40% of Epyptians in the US are Muslim. Approximately 44% of Canadian Egyptians are Muslims. These percentages and the total Arab population from the American Community Survey 2019 1-year estimates and 2016 Statistics Canada provide the most accurate estimate while excluding Egyptian Coptics. There are approximately 201,000 Egyptian Arabs in the US and 44,000 in Canada.

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    nearly 600,000

    Statistics Canada 2016 counted 210,405 people whose ethnic origin was Iranian. The 2019 American Community Survey counted 385,473 people of ethnic Persians living in the United States. Using census information instead of community estimates helps compare populations of people groups in various cities. However, the p is likely larger than the number given.

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